Computers, telephones, televisions… All the machines in our lives, including everyday vehicles, are becoming smart. Now it is time to integrate these technologies into our living spaces and maintain order; that is, “Smart Cities”.
World population is increasing day by day. Especially the population growth in the densely populated megacities can give rise to various handicaps in order to maintain order. According to the United Nations Office for Economic and Social Affairs, 68 per cent of the world’s population will live in cities by 2050. The task of maintaining the order of the growing population is hidden in Smart Cities.
What Makes a City Smart?
The smart city concept contains smart management, smart energy, smart building, smart mobility, smart infrastructure, smart technology, smart health and smart citizenship. In large cities, the use of energy and water, the management of traffic and transport systems can become extremely complex. Therefore, smart cities seem to be the mechanism of order of the future.
There are currently 29 cities with more than 10 million inhabitants worldwide. These cities use 60 to 80 percent of the world’s energy. Illumination alone accounts for 19 percent of the world’s electricity consumption. Cities need to be smarter to manage so many people. Internet of Things (IoT) will play a key role in making cities smarter. It will be actively used to collect data and manage assets and resources efficiently.
Building the Future
Smart city technologies have become available in cities such as Amsterdam, Barcelona, Madrid, Stockholm, New York and Copenhagen. Although this concept looks new, it has a 10-year history. For example, the Amsterdam Smart City initiative started in 2009 and now includes over 170 projects developed jointly by the government, city residents and businesses. Projects are run on wireless devices on a connected platform and improve the city’s ability to make real-time decisions.
The goal of the project is to reduce traffic, save energy and improve public safety. For this purpose, some homes were provided with smart energy meters that encouraged to reduce energy consumption. Intelligent traffic sensors warn drivers of the city’s current traffic conditions and determine the best routes.
In the same way, Barcelona has adopted this system. The new bus network developed in Barcelona is based on an analysis of the traffic flow. The use of intelligent traffic lights maximizes the number of green lights on bus routes.
Barcelona and Amsterdam are just two examples. Smart Cities is a prominent concept all over the world and is expected to spread more and more. This will make it easier to manage cities and have better conditions. Living in Smart Cities will be an exciting experience for all of us.